The 10 Principles of Training

The following 10 training principles are presented as ‘First Principles’ for all horse training interactions. As first Principles, these stand as non-negotiable obligations for trainers to maintain optimal welfare in trained horses as well as optimal training efficiency. These Principles are presented as further refinements of the original 10 Principles on the ISES website and in peer-reviewed literature…

Details

The application of learning theory in horse training

The full paper can be viewed here: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0168159117300710 Andrew N. McLean,∗, Janne Winther Christensen Abstract The millennia-old practices of horse training markedly predate and thus were isolated from the mid-twentieth century revelation of animal learning processes. From this standpoint, the progress made in the application and understanding of learning theory in horse training is reviewed…

Details

The Contribution of Equitation Science to Minimising Horse-Related Risks to Humans

Melissa Starling,1,* Andrew McLean,2,† and  Paul McGreevy1,† Kirrilly Thompson, Academic Editor Simple Summary Equitation science describes an approach to horse training and riding that focuses on embracing the cognitive abilities of horses, their natural behaviour, and how human riders can use signalling and rewards to best effect. This approach is concerned with both horse welfare and rider safety, and…

Details

The distribution of apparatus in popular equestrian disciplines.

Hill, E., McGreevy, P.D., White, P., Caspar, G., McLean, A.N., 2015. The distribution of apparatus in popular equestrian disciplines. Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 10. 147-152. Abstract The apparatus that riders use to restrain or communicate with horses have progressed over time. With the increased awareness of animal welfare, the use of some of these devices…

Details

The horse–human dyad: Can we align horse training and handling activities with the equid social ethogram?

McGreevy, P.D., Burton, F.L., McLean, A.N., 2009. The horse–human dyad: Can we align horse training and handling activities with the equid social ethogram? The Veterinary Journal. 181 (2009) 12–18. Abstract This article examines the recently completed equid ethogram and shows how analogues of social interactions between horses may occur in various human–horse interactions. It discusses…

Details

The positive aspects of correct negative reinforcement.

McLean, A.N., 2005. The positive aspects of correct negative reinforcement. Anthrozoös, 18 (3). Abstract In the scheme of contemporary animal training, horse training is virtually unique because it relies on negative reinforcement (NR) rather than positive reinforcement (PR). Furthermore, horse trainers are largely unaware that they are using NR in training. Instead, they believe in…

Details

The result of selective pressures on food acquisition?

McLean, A.N., 2001. Cognitive abilities: The result of selective pressures on food acquisition? Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 71, (3) 241-258. Abstract Locating and capturing food are suggested as significant selection pressures for the evolution of various cognitive abilities in mammals and birds. The hypothesis is proposed that aspects of food procuring behaviour should be strongly…

Details

The roles of equine ethology and applied learning theory in horse-related human injuries.

Hawson, L.A., McLean, A.N., McGreevy, P.D., 2010. The roles of equine ethology and applied learning theory in horse-related human injuries. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. 5, 324-338. Abstract Horse-related injuries to riders, handlers, and veterinarians can be both serious and long-term in their effects on the victim. This review of literature covering…

Details

The roles of learning theory and ethology in equitation.

McGreevy, P.D., McLean, A.N., 2007. The roles of learning theory and ethology in equitation. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 2, 108-118. Abstract By definition, ethology is primarily the scientific study of animal behavior, especially as it occurs in a natural environment; applied ethology being the study of animal behavior in the human…

Details