Methodology for the use of rein tensiometers in analyzing rein tension in the ridden horse (Equus caballus): a review.

Davies, M., Hawson, L., McLean, A., McGreevy, P. 2011. 7th International Equitation Science Conference, the Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers.   Abstract Bits have been used to control horses since 4,000 BC. As the bit rests in the diastema, a sensitive and physically vulnerable area of the buccal cavity, problems may emerge when used incorrectly. Excessive pressure…

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Over-flexing the horse’s neck: a modern equestrian obsession?

McGreevy, P.D., Harman, A., McLean, A.N., Hawson, L.A. 2010. Over-flexing the horse’s neck: a modern equestrian obsession? Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. 5, 180-186. Abstract We used an opportunistic review of photographs of different adult and juvenile horses walking, trotting, and cantering (n = 828) to compare the angle of the nasal…

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Overshadowing: A silver lining to a dark cloud in horse training?

McLean, A.N., 2008. Overshadowing: A silver lining to a dark cloud in horse training? Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 11, 3, 236-248. Abstract Overshadowing is a process known in behavioral science that occurs when two stimuli of different strengths are applied simultaneously to a nonhuman animal. Typically, the stronger stimulus overshadows the weaker one,…

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Problems at the human- horse interface and prospects for smart textile solutions.

McGreevy, P., Sundin, M., Karlsteen, M., Berglin, L., Ternstrom, J., Hawson, L., Richardsson, H., McLean, A. 2014. Problems at the human- horse interface and prospects for smart textile solutions. Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 9 (1), 34-42. Abstract The significant potential for so-called “smart textiles” in the design of the next generation of devices that measure…

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Punishment in horse-training and the concept of ethical equitation.

McGreevy, P.D., McLean, A.N., 2009. Punishment in horse-training and the concept of ethical equitation. Journal of Veterinary Behavior. 4, 193-197. Abstract By definition, punishment makes a response less likely in the future. Because horses are largely trained by negative reinforcement, they are susceptible to inadvertent punishment. Delays in the release of pressure can make desirable…

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Riders’ application of rein tension for walk-to-halt transitions on a model horse.

Hawson, L., Salvin, H., McLean, A., McGreevy, P. 2014. Riders’ application of rein tension for walk-to-halt transitions on a model horse. Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 9 (4), 164-168. Abstract Rein cues have been used for millennia when controlling horses. Recent research has quantified the range of tensions exerted on the horse’s mouth by bit and…

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