The Contribution of Equitation Science to Minimising Horse-Related Risks to Humans

Melissa Starling,1,* Andrew McLean,2,† and  Paul McGreevy1,† Kirrilly Thompson, Academic Editor Simple Summary Equitation science describes an approach to horse training and riding that focuses on embracing the cognitive abilities of horses, their natural behaviour, and how human riders can use signalling and rewards to best effect. This approach is concerned with both horse welfare and rider safety, and…

Details

The 10 Principles of Training

The following 10 training principles are presented as ‘First Principles’ for all horse training interactions. As first Principles, these stand as non-negotiable obligations for trainers to maintain optimal welfare in trained horses as well as optimal training efficiency. These Principles are presented as further refinements of the original 10 Principles on the ISES website and in peer-reviewed literature…

Details

Variations in the timing of reinforcement as a training technique for foals.

Warren-Smith, A.K., McLean, A.N., Nicol, H.I., McGreevy, P.D., 2005. Variations in the timing of reinforcement as a training technique for foals. Anthrozoös, 18 (3) 255-272. Abstract Horses are used worldwide for a range of activities. Their usefulness and welfare in these pursuits are strongly influenced by their trainability, which may in turn be influenced by…

Details

Applications and use of smart textiles and technology in equine science.

Ternström, J., Hawson, L., Gunnarsson, E., Engvall, T., Karlsteen, M., Sundin, M., Berglin, L., McLean, A.N., McGreevy, P.D., 2013. Applications and use of smart textiles and technology in equine science. Proceedings of the 9th International Equitation Science Conference, Eds: C. Heleski and C Wickens. University of Delaware Press /Associated University Press. View ISES Proceeding Abstract…

Details

Evolving protocols for research in equitation science.

Pierard, M., Hall, C., Kong von Borstel, C., Averis, A., Hawson, L., McLean, A., Nevison, C., Visser, K., McGreevy, P. 2015. Evolving protocols for research in equitation science. Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 10, 255-266. Abstract Within the emerging discipline of Equitation Science, the application of consistent methodology, including robust objective measures, is required for sound…

Details

Do vendors value safety in the Australian recreational (non-Thoroughbred) riding horse market?

Oddie, C., Hawson, L., McLean, A., McGreevy, P. 2014. Do vendors value safety in the Australian recreational (non-Thoroughbred) riding horse market? Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 9, 375-381. Abstract The importance that vendors attribute to safety when selling a horse may be estimated by examining the relationship between the use of positive and negative descriptive terms…

Details

Training the ridden animal: An ancient hall of mirrors.

McLean, A.N., 2012. Training the ridden animal: An ancient hall of mirrors. The Veterinary Journal. Personal view invitation, 2012 Opening paragraph (no abstract) The scientific ingredients for efficient, safe and ethical training have become progressively available to humanity during the past half-century. Yet surprisingly, when compared with the uptake of technological information, their acceptance in…

Details

Overshadowing: A silver lining to a dark cloud in horse training?

McLean, A.N., 2008. Overshadowing: A silver lining to a dark cloud in horse training? Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 11, 3, 236-248. Abstract Overshadowing is a process known in behavioral science that occurs when two stimuli of different strengths are applied simultaneously to a nonhuman animal. Typically, the stronger stimulus overshadows the weaker one,…

Details

The positive aspects of correct negative reinforcement.

McLean, A.N., 2005. The positive aspects of correct negative reinforcement. Anthrozoös, 18 (3). Abstract In the scheme of contemporary animal training, horse training is virtually unique because it relies on negative reinforcement (NR) rather than positive reinforcement (PR). Furthermore, horse trainers are largely unaware that they are using NR in training. Instead, they believe in…

Details