Variations in the timing of reinforcement as a training technique for foals.

Warren-Smith, A.K., McLean, A.N., Nicol, H.I., McGreevy, P.D., 2005. Variations in the timing of reinforcement as a training technique for foals. Anthrozoös, 18 (3) 255-272. Abstract Horses are used worldwide for a range of activities. Their usefulness and welfare in these pursuits are strongly influenced by their trainability, which may in turn be influenced by…

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Variability of scores in the 2008 Olympics dressage competition and implications for horse training and welfare.

Hawson, L.A., McLean, A.N., McGreevy, P.D., 2010. Variability of scores in the 2008 Olympics dressage competition and implications for horse training and welfare. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. 5, 170-176. Abstract Olympic dressage involves “an intimate unity between a human and a non-human” and is scored by a subjective judging process, under…

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Training the ridden animal: An ancient hall of mirrors.

McLean, A.N., 2012. Training the ridden animal: An ancient hall of mirrors. The Veterinary Journal. Personal view invitation, 2012 Opening paragraph (no abstract) The scientific ingredients for efficient, safe and ethical training have become progressively available to humanity during the past half-century. Yet surprisingly, when compared with the uptake of technological information, their acceptance in…

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Training methodologies differ with the attachment of humans to horses.

DeAraugo, J., McLean, A., McLaren, S., Casper, G., McLean, M., McGreevy, P. 2014. Training methodologies differ with the attachment of humans to horses. Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 9 (5), 235-241.   Abstract Our investigation is the first to use attachment theory to explore four commonplace training methods (Conspecific, Behavioral, Eclectic, and Conventional) and owners’ levels…

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The roles of learning theory and ethology in equitation.

McGreevy, P.D., McLean, A.N., 2007. The roles of learning theory and ethology in equitation. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 2, 108-118. Abstract By definition, ethology is primarily the scientific study of animal behavior, especially as it occurs in a natural environment; applied ethology being the study of animal behavior in the human…

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The roles of equine ethology and applied learning theory in horse-related human injuries.

Hawson, L.A., McLean, A.N., McGreevy, P.D., 2010. The roles of equine ethology and applied learning theory in horse-related human injuries. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. 5, 324-338. Abstract Horse-related injuries to riders, handlers, and veterinarians can be both serious and long-term in their effects on the victim. This review of literature covering…

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The result of selective pressures on food acquisition?

McLean, A.N., 2001. Cognitive abilities: The result of selective pressures on food acquisition? Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 71, (3) 241-258. Abstract Locating and capturing food are suggested as significant selection pressures for the evolution of various cognitive abilities in mammals and birds. The hypothesis is proposed that aspects of food procuring behaviour should be strongly…

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The positive aspects of correct negative reinforcement.

McLean, A.N., 2005. The positive aspects of correct negative reinforcement. Anthrozoös, 18 (3). Abstract In the scheme of contemporary animal training, horse training is virtually unique because it relies on negative reinforcement (NR) rather than positive reinforcement (PR). Furthermore, horse trainers are largely unaware that they are using NR in training. Instead, they believe in…

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